Are you a researcher at Karolinska Institutet and/or Region Stockholm and would like to verify your articles?
Frequently asked questions about bibliometrics
Bibliometrics involves conducting statistical analyses of publications – i.e. a type of "publication measurement" (biblos: book and metron: measure). Bibliometrics is now commonly used to analyse research by performing quantitative studies on its publications.
Current practical bibliometrics is based on the assumption that the majority of research findings are published sooner or later as articles in international academic journals, and are read in that context by other researchers who then go on to cite these articles in their subsequent articles. So the more citations an article receives, the greater the impact this can be taken to have had.
So, in practice, bibliometrics involves measuring the number of published academic articles by a certain group of authors and the number of times these articles are cited, as well as studying the statistical connections between different articles, authors and subjects.
Bibliometrics at KI and SLL
In 2005, Karolinska Institutet's management decided to use bibliometrics as a tool to become Europe's premier medical university by 2010. This decision was one aspect of the KI-05 initiative. KI's bibliometrics activities began in project form at the beginning of 2006. In 2008, the project became an operational unit, funded by the Board of Research.
The secondary aim of the project is to provide other stakeholders within Karolinska Institutet and Region Stockholm with the opportunity to order bibliometric analyses and disseminate information to the outside world about the quality of Karolinska Institutet's academic production and collaboration.
Since 2009, Karolinska Institutet and Region Stockholm have had a common model for allocating direct research funding to departments and clinics on the basis of performance. Bibliometrics is one of the four components that are used to calculate the activity rate for each department, hospital and clinic.
If you want to learn more about the use of bibliometrics when allocating research funding at Karolinska Institutet and Region Stockholm, you can read:
- On resource allocation (Swedish only). The bibliometric model is described in the document Resursfördelning 2020.
- Deatailed description of current calculations for the bibliometric component in the Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm resources allocation model (pdf, 252 kb; Swedish only).
- Original description of the bibliometric component Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm resource allocation model (pdf, 444 kb; Swedish only).
The bibliometric database contains information about international academic publications from 1995 onwards. It is based on information from the database Web of Science that is owned by Clarivate Analytics.
In addition to data from Web of Science, the bibliometric database also contains data from a local copy of PubMed/Medline, also from 1995 onwards. The material from Medline (the main part of Pubmed) includes the individual article's medical subject headings, known as MeSH terms.
Currently (2019), the bibliometric database contains complete bibliographic records for c. 39 million publications. In addition, it includes all citation connections between the articles' reference lists and corresponding articles in the database.
New records are obtained from Clarivate Analytics each week and the bibliometric database is judged to be, in principle, just as up to date as their own database. Via an internal website, Bibliometric Verification Toolkit, Karolinska Institutet's own researchers can go in and verify their own publication in the bibliometric database, increasing the quality of the analyses performed.
To search in the bibliometric database for articles written at Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm, there is a public interface available: KI Publications.
Publication behaviour with respect to analytical results
The primary aim of the Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm bibliometric database is to provide managers, wards/clinics and employees with high-quality bibliometric analyses and reports (on, for example, publication patterns, joint publication partners and/or analyses divided up by subject area).
The results provide an overview of the research conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm and is a tool that makes it possible to compare academic results internally and with work taking place in other countries. Analytical results can also be used to monitor and plan activities, and sometimes to assess and reward academic quality.
Read more about KI's recommendations under Strategic publishing.
Within Karolinska Institutet/Region Stockholm there are specific recommendations for the use of bibliometric indicators on an individual level. Bibliometric methods are less appropriate for assessing individual people or small groups. It is rare for these to achieve a publication volume that is sufficiently large for the results to be reliable and stable.
However, with good awareness of the limitations there are at the individual level, certain bibliometric measurements can be used as a complement to a visual inspection of one person's publication history.
Read recommendations concerning bibliometrics for individual researchers in their entirety. (pdf)
Education and collaboration
Members of Karolinska Institutet's bibliometric team participate in meetings and courses in order to learn more about bibliometrics. The team wants to encourage discussion concerning the use of bibliometrics and of the advantages and disadvantages of different bibliometric methods.
Discussion and collaboration in the academic sector can lead to improvements in bibliometric methods. In turn, this can improve and refine the use of bibliometrics, both in the organisations participating and across the whole country.
Practical bibliometrics as an instrument for monitoring activity and as a basis for decision-making is a relatively new phenomenon. Previously, bibliometrics has primarily been used for research purposes within its own discipline. This means that the various indicators are not yet completely standardised.
Therefore, the bibliometric team at the University Library have written Bibliometric Handbook for Karolinska Institutet (pdf, 15 MB) and the associated Bibliometric Indicators – definitions and usage for KI (pdf, 266 kB).
This document shows how the bibliometric team calculate different indicators, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. The handbook also contains a discussion of how bibliometric indicators and results from bibliometric investigations should be interpreted.
The libraries at Karolinska University Hospital, Danderyds sjukhus and Södersjukhuset can also give you information and support.