Reference guide for Vancouver

This guide gives you information on how to format references in Vancouver style. The references are numbered sequentially, following the order in which they first appear in the text. The reference list should be placed in the end of the document and be arranged numerically. It should contain all necessary bibliographic information.

The guide is primarily intended for students at Karolinska Institutet. The references should be considered as recommendations based on International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Sample References and Citing Medicine and in some cases with the support of Swedish cataloging rules for libraries.

When in doubt, double check with official manuals. You might also need to discuss with your supervisor or teacher at KI before submitting your thesis or assignment.




Dissertations and degree projects


Government publications

Sound and images

Other sources


Please note that the Creative Commons license for the library's web content does not apply to this reference guide.

Last updated: 2021-12-10