KIB's reference guides for APA and Vancouver – now in English!
References to sources are an important part of academic writing. When you write assignments of various kinds at KI, you are expected to build on previous research and to always give credit to the sources you have used. It can be difficult to select sources, to integrate them in your own text, and to format the references in a correct and consistent manner. For the last aspect, KIBs reference guides are useful tools. They are now available in English.
In these guides you find templates and examples for the most common reference types such as articles, books, book chapters, reports and web pages. There are different ways of formatting the references, what is known as the reference styles. KI's guides cover the two styles that are most widely used at the programs of KI. APA (American Psychological Association) and Vancouver (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations).
APA is the most common style in psychology and health sciences and Vancouver in biomedicine in general. Always check with your teacher or supervisor which style to use. Sometimes the choice of reference style is up to you. In that case, it is important that you choose one style and follow it consistently. Can’t find a specific kind of source in the guides? The reference guides do not cover all possible types of references. One way is to find a nearby example and try to follow it. You can also consult the recommendations our guides are based on for more examples.
The complete manual för the APA style is only available in print, but you will find answers for many questions here
The Vancouver style is established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. You can find the recommendations here